US public schools still suffer from racial segregation of African-American and Latino students from whites, 60 years after the Supreme Court ordered a halt to the practice, new study shows.
The isolation of Latino students in the West and black students in the Northeast is a leading factor in the racial disparity of US schools, according to a study by the University of California at Los Angeles.
“Segregation is usually segregation by both race and poverty,” co-authors Gary Orfield and Erica Frankenberg said in the report released on Thursday. “Black and Latino students tend to be in schools with a substantial majority of poor children, but white and Asian students are typically in middle class schools.”
“It’s time for us to think about this again, and develop new theories of civil rights as US demographics change,” Orfield said. “We need large changes in policy.”
A 30 percent decline in white student enrollment and an almost quintupling of Latinos since the civil rights era has led to racial separation in the America’s largest public-school regions, according to the report.
The states of New York, Illinois and California are among the worst for isolating black students, the report said.
The study comes days before the 60th anniversary of the 1954 ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, a landmark US Supreme Court case in which the court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
The Department of Education is admitting that promise has yet to be delivered.
The Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights says racial disparities not only exist, but are significant across the public education system, and it starts as early as preschool — kids four and under.
In March, a study by the US Department of Education showed that inequality and discrimination in the US education system is widespread for minority students.
According to the report, students with disabilities represent about 12 percent of the student population, but about 60 percent are placed in seclusion or involuntary. On average, it costs about $10,000 to send a kid to public school for a year.
This was the first time since 2000 that the Department of Education has released data from all 87,000 of America’s public schools, representing 49 million students. The Department did not give and explanation for the disparities.