Marguerite Oswald’s belief that her son was a U.S. intelligence agent…


As with all decent movies, “Parkland” opened in the United States last week to a minimum number of theaters and poor reviews from the usual critics who would give five thumbs up to a movie about an abused handicapped hermaphrodite from Romania than a motion picture that captures the reality of being in the emergency room of Parkland Hospital in Dallas on November 22, 1963. “Parkland” is based on the book by former Los Angeles prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi, who supports the findings of the Warren Commission. However, “Parkland” contains numerous firm assertions by Marguerite Oswald, the mother of accused John F. Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, to her other son, Robert Oswald, and Secret Service agents that Lee Oswald was a loyal intelligence agent of the U.S. government.

In June, the CIA released one million new pages of documents pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act. Included in this massive release are a number of documents that indicate that Mrs. Oswald was not far off the mark in her assertions about her son. Even the movie “Parkland” shows how Dallas FBI agent James Hosty was ordered by his boss, Gordon Shanklin, to “eighty-six,” or destroy, a file the FBI maintained on Lee Oswald and his visits to the FBI office in Dallas. Hosty is shown burning the file and flushing the remains down a toilet inside the Dallas Federal building.

One of the documents released by the CIA shows that Oswald, upon his return to the United States from the USSR, agreed to become an informant to the FBI on Soviet nations who might attempt to contact him. Oswald also refused to tell the FBI why he was in the USSR in the first place, telling them “It was nobody’s business.” Even during the Cold War, the CIA was under strict orders not to let the FBI and its director J. Edgar Hoover in on any of its classified operations. the friction stemmed from a feud between Office of Strategic Services chief and CIA founder “Wild Bill” Donovan and Hoover over which agency would have responsibility for Latin American counter-intelligence and intelligence operations after World War II. Donovan won that fight.

One of the files released by the CIA is an August 30, 1962 report, subject “Internal Security – R,” written by FBI Dallas field agent John W. Fain. The report states the following:

“OSWALD stated upon arriving in Soviet Union, and prior to leaving, he was interviewed by representatives of MVD, a Russian secret police organization; however, continues to deny he made any ‘deals’ with them or any other representative of the Soviet Union. OSWALD continues to decline to explain why he went to the Soviet Union in the first instance, stating that he considers it ‘nobody’s business.’ OSWALD agreed to report to FBI any information concerning contacts or attempted contacts by Soviets under suspicious circumstances.”

There is a curious fact about Oswald’s mother. A May 12, 1960, report from Fain in Dallas concerned a “foreign money transfer No. 142,688″ purchased by MARGUERITE C. OSWALD” on January 22, 1960. The transfer to LEE HARVEY OSWALD, in care of Hotel Metropole, Moscow, Russia, was in the sum of $25, which was quite a bit of money in the Soviet Union in 1960. What is interesting about Marguerite Oswald’s insistence that her son was a U.S. intelligence agent is that she may have been used to funnel money to her son on behalf of the CIA during Oswald’s stay in the USSR. It is noteworthy that Marguerite Oswald’s IRS tax returns, which may have shown disbursements to her from the U.S. Treasury for transfer to her son in the Soviet Union, are sealed from 1956 to 1962.

There is also the oddity of the U.S. government paying for Oswald and his Soviet wife. Marina Oswald, and baby daughter to travel back to the United States after Oswald decided to ask for the return of his U.S. passport and restoration of U.S. citizenship. Apparently, Oswald was in a position to “negotiate: his return to America. From Fain’s report, dated July 3, 1961: “Subject [Oswald]  reported to be residing at Minsk, Russia, and is said to have recently expressed a desire for return of U.S. passport as he desired to return to U.S. under certain circumstances.” The information on Oswald to the FBI in Dallas was transmitted by the Office of Naval Intelligence’s District Intelligence Office in New Orleans. Oswald, as a former U.S. Marine, would have come under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Navy for intelligence and counter-intelligence matters. Oswald was officially discharged from the Marines on September 11, 1959 and on the same day re-enlisted as a Private in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve.

Attention is also drawn to an October 25, 1960 formerly SECRET letter from Hugh S. Cummings, Jr., the Director for Intelligence and Research of the State Department to Richard Bissell, Jr., the Deputy Director for Plans of the CIA. Cummings asked Bissell to verify and expand a list compiled by State of Americans with knowledge of intelligence matters who chose to live in “Bloc” countries and could be determined to be “defectors.” In fact, the KGB never really trusted American defectors to the Soviet Union, especially those with intelligence backgrounds. There was always the possibility that double agents were being sent to the Soviet Union under the guise of being Marxist defectors. That was Oswald’s cover story and the Soviets never permitted him to enroll as a student at Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow where he could have spied on Third World nationals studying at the university. These students were being primed by Soviet intelligence to be agents of influence in their native countries’ governments. Instead, Oswald was dispatched to work in a factory in Minsk by wary Soviet intelligence officials.

The CIA not only placed great emphasis on spying on Patrice Lumumba University, the former People’s Friendship University in Moscow, but wanted to complete with the Soviets in drawing Third World students to U.S. universities to expand America’s influence in newly-independent nations in Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and Asia. It was under the CIA-led Airlift Africa program that Barack Obama, Sr. found himself with the first U.S. government scholarship for an African student at the University of Hawaii. This was during the same time frame that Oswald was dispatched to Moscow to gather intelligence on Patrice Lumumba University: 1959 to 1962.

There is no indication that Bissell ever responded to Cummings’s request.Cummings’s list, spanning May 1959 to October 1960 contains thirteen Americans who settled in Bloc countries who were believed to pose a counter-intelligence threat to the United States. Oswald’s name appears on the list. There is the possibility that Bissell never responded because some of the individuals on the list, like Oswald, may have been planted U.S. double agents. 

Oswald was not the only American on the list of 13 who was permitted to return to the United States. David Dubois (aka Dupeboy) had lived in Peiping (Beijing), China since May 1960 but was reported by the State Department to have returned to the U.S. Morris and Mollie Block were deported from the USSR and returned to the U.S. in 1964. Libero Ricciardelli returned to the U.S. in June 1963. Vladimir Sloboda requested to return to the U.S. in 1962 and was subject to intense KGB questioning after making contact with the British embassy in Moscow. Ronald Webster returned to the United States in 1962. Bruce Davis of the U.S. Army returned to West Germany in 1963 after his U.S. passport was returned and a West German visa was issued. On August 15, 1962, the State Department authorized the return of Sgt. Joseph Dutkanicz’s U.S. passport after he requested to return to the United States. Dutkanicz was found by Soviet authorities in a drunken state in Lvov in November 1963 and died in a Lvov hospital the same month.

William Martin also requested to return to the United States but he died in a Tijuana hospital after his request for repatriation was denied. He was permitted to be buried in the U.S. 

The State Department’s Intelligence Directorate had surprisingly little information on a U.S. Air Force Sgt. Jones (fnu) — first name unknown — who reportedly defected to the East Germans in May 1960. The House of Representatives Select Committee on Assassinations examined the State Department’s list of defectors. Out of 13 individuals on Cummings’s list, ten either returned to the U.S. from the USSR or East Germany or requested to return. Of the remaining three, Ernie Fletcher returned to the United States 22 years later after it was discovered that he had been abducted in 1959 by the East German Stasi in Berlin. The same fate may have befallen Sgt. “No First Name” Jones, who is said to have defected to East Germany the following year. That leaves Bernon Mitchell about whom little is known. He died in St. Petersburg in 2001.

The use of double agents by the CIA was common practice. But sending an entire small army of such double agents into the Soviet bloc would have represented a unique strategy by the CIA. Under a covert program known as MKULTRA, the CIA also employed mind control techniques for some of its double agents to avoid detection by Soviet bloc counter-intelligence officers.

Oswald was one of twelve “defectors” to the USSR/East Bloc who appear, in part, to have been involved in a CIA double agent infiltration program. As the Lee Harvey Oswald character in “Parkland” tells his brother Robert after being told that authorities had Oswald’s fingerprints on the handgun used to kill alleged Dallas police officer J.D. Tippitt and Kennedy: “Don’t believe the evidence.” The same can be said for the official history of the JFK assassination.


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